Regular Pattern
Character  Description 

\ 
Marks the next character as either a special character
or a literal. For example, "n" matches the character "n". "\n" matches
a newline character. The sequence "\\" matches "\" and "\(" matches "(".

^ 
Matches the beginning of input.

$ 
Matches the end of input.

* 
Matches the preceding character zero or more times. For
example, "zo*" matches either "z" or "zoo".

+ 
Matches the preceding character one or more times. For
example, "zo+" matches "zoo" but not "z".

? 
Matches the preceding character zero or one time. For
example, "a?ve?" matches the "ve" in "never".

. 
Matches any single character except a newline character.

(pattern) 
Matches pattern and remembers the match. The matched
substring can be retrieved from the resulting Matches collection,
using Item [0]...[n]. To match parentheses characters ( ), use
"\(" or "\)".

xy 
Matches either x or y. For example, "zwood"
matches "z" or "wood". "(zw)oo" matches "zoo" or "wood".

{n} 
n is a nonnegative integer. Matches exactly n
times. For example, "o{2}" does not match the "o" in "Bob," but matches
the first two o's in "foooood".

{n,} 
n is a nonnegative integer. Matches at least n
times. For example, "o{2,}" does not match the "o" in "Bob" and matches
all the o's in "foooood." "o{1,}" is equivalent to "o+". "o{0,}" is equivalent
to "o*".

{n,m} 
m and n are nonnegative integers. Matches
at least n and at most m times. For example, "o{1,3}" matches
the first three o's in "fooooood." "o{0,1}" is equivalent to "o?".

[xyz] 
A character set. Matches any one of the enclosed characters.
For example, "[abc]" matches the "a" in "plain".

[^xyz] 
A negative character set. Matches any character not enclosed.
For example, "[^abc]" matches the "p" in "plain".

[az] 
A range of characters. Matches any character in the specified
range. For example, "[az]" matches any lowercase alphabetic character
in the range "a" through "z".

[^mz] 
A negative range characters. Matches any character not
in the specified range. For example, "[mz]" matches any character not
in the range "m" through "z".

\b 
Matches a word boundary, that is, the position between
a word and a space. For example, "er\b" matches the "er" in "never" but
not the "er" in "verb".

\B 
Matches a nonword boundary. "ea*r\B" matches the "ear"
in "never early".

\d 
Matches a digit character. Equivalent to [09].

\D 
Matches a nondigit character. Equivalent to [^09].

\f 
Matches a formfeed character.

\n 
Matches a newline character.

\r 
Matches a carriage return character.

\s 
Matches any white space including space, tab, formfeed,
etc. Equivalent to "[ \f\n\r\t\v]".

\S 
Matches any nonwhite space character. Equivalent to "[^ \f\n\r\t\v]".

\t 
Matches a tab character.

\v 
Matches a vertical tab character.

\w 
Matches any word character including underscore. Equivalent
to "[AZaz09_]".

\W 
Matches any nonword character. Equivalent to "[^AZaz09_]".

\num 
Matches num, where num is a positive integer.
A reference back to remembered matches. For example, "(.)\1" matches two
consecutive identical characters.

\n 
Matches n, where n is an octal escape value.
Octal escape values must be 1, 2, or 3 digits long. For example, "\11"
and "\011" both match a tab character. "\0011" is the equivalent of "\001"
& "1". Octal escape values must not exceed 256. If they do, only the
first two digits comprise the expression. Allows ASCII codes to be used
in regular expressions.

\xn 
Matches n, where n is a hexadecimal escape
value. Hexadecimal escape values must be exactly two digits long. For
example, "\x41" matches "A". "\x041" is equivalent to "\x04" & "1".
Allows ASCII codes to be used in regular expressions.
